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City Palace in Jaipur
Where is the City Palace?
The City Palace is located in Jaipur in the northwestern Indian state of Rajasthan. The city of Jaipur is internationally renowned for its exquisite forts and palaces. The City Palace is one of the major landmarks of the city.
How will you gain access?
The Sanganer Airport (Jaipur) is 11 km from the City center. There are direct flights to places like Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, Jodhpur, and Aurangabad. By rail-network, the city of Jaipur is linked with Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ahmedabad, Secunderabad, Agra, Lucknow, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata. The Delhi-Jaipur National Highway is privileged to be one of the finest roads in the country. The Rajasthan Roadways runs regular AC and deluxe coaches from Delhi.
What are the timings and the entry charges?
The City Palace remains open for visitors from 09-30 to 17-00 hours. For the Indians, the entry charge is Rs 35 per head. Foreign nationals have to pay Rs 150 each.
What does the past say?
The history of the City Palace dates back to the 18th century CE. The construction of the palace was begun by Maharaja Jai Singh II of the Kacchwaha Rajput clan. It was Jai Singh’s successors who reconstructed the palace to give it the shape by which it stands today. The reconstruction began in the 1900 CE, continuing till the first half of the 20th century.
What goes behind the architecture?
The giant complex of the City Palace consists of royal residences, courtyards, gardens, and other palatial buildings. Most of the parts of the palace were designed by a Britisher Sir Swinton Jacob. The massive structure symbolizes a wonderful synthesis of the Rajasthani, the Mughal, and the British architectural style. The palace can be entered from the gateway called Atish Pol that leads to the first courtyard, the Mubarak Mahal. Built-in the 20th century by Maharaja Madho Singh II, the Mubarak Mahal is today more of a museum exhibiting ancient royal textiles. Close to the Mahal lies the ‘SilehKhana’, presenting a large collection of 15th-century weapons, carpets, and other antiques. Shri Govind Temple, Diwan-e-Khaas, Diwan-e-Aam, Sukh Niwas, ShobhaNiwas, and ChaviNiwas are the other popular attraction of the palace.
What are the nearby attractions?
The Govindji Temple is located to the north of the City Palace. The idol in the temple was brought by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh from Mathura to save it from the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
The Jantar Mantar or the observatory was erected by Sawai Jai Singh in the year 1728. The futuristic scientific instruments or Yantras were built to measure the local time, the sun’s declination, azimuth and altitude, the declination of fixed stars and planets and to determine eclipses.
The Hawa Mahal or the Palace of Winds stands abutting the City Palace. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799. The palace was erected with a view to enabling the royal ladies to watch the everyday life and the processions of the city.
Gaitor is located at a distance of 8 km from the city of Jaipur. Here, there are a number of cenotaphs of the members of the royal family. The cenotaphs stand in a garden at the base of the Nahargarh Hills. The white-marble cenotaph of Sawai Jai Singh II is one of the most spectacular and intricately carved.