Dambulla Cave Temple – what to expect there?
Not at all like its nearest neighbour India, Sri Lanka is generally a Buddhist nation with a convention going back over 2000 years. Today, around 70% of the number of inhabitants in Sri Lanka recognize as Buddhist with the rest distinguishing as Muslim, Hindu and Christian. All through its rich history, numerous Buddhist Kingdoms have risen and fallen in Sri Lanka but then, the social remnants of their significance still stay right up ’til the present time. Lets check out the Dambulla Cave Temple and its enriching past.
History of the place
The sanctuaries, which give this place a name, are parts of a huge cavern in the west side of the rock, at the tallness of about three hundred and fifty feet above the plain. Whet het the cavern in which these sanctuaries are shaped, is out and out characteristic, or just somewhat regular, or just mostly common and incompletely artificial, it is presently difficult to decide. The probability is, that it is principally characteristic, and that man has had next to no to do in excavating it.
The custom has it that a portion of the Dambulla Cave Temple were excavated by lord VattagamaniAbhaya in the principal century B. C. It can be deduced that this lord and his successors, in benefaction to this place needed to develop and smoothen the caves, and cut the trickle edge (katarama) along the rock to protect the caves from rain water.
Painting and the caves of Dambulla
- There are five caves (place of worship rooms) in Dambulla temple. All of these caves arc loaded with statues of Buddha and various personages of the Buddhist Order or History.
- There are 150 Buddha images in these Dambulla Cave Temple. Cave No. 5 (the last all together) has no historical value as it was done in the second decade of this century.
- All of alternate caves contain statues and paintings speaking to various epochs of Sinhalese sculpture and painting.
- The early paintings of Dambulla are accepted by some to have a place with the eighth century A. C. However, this cannot be demonstrated at all because of over painting.
- In any case this place is a mine of decorative outlines, the patterns of which look like those of Sigiriya.
- To an understudy of the historical backdrop of Buddhism a careful investigation of the paintings of Dambulla gives a decent deal of source material.
- It is generally accepted that the classical school of Sinhalese painting ceased to exist after the fall of the Polonnaruve kingdom at the finish of the twelfth century.
- There are no extant examples of this style after the thirteenth century. It is from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that we have, once again, examples of crafted by a school of indigenous painters.
- This new school does not appear to have had its foundations in the artistic traditions which created the masterpieces of Sigiriya and Polonnaruva.
- Its style is simply two dimensional; in compositions it doesn’t show the expertise of the masters of earlier epochs.
- In its conventions, particularly in the decorative outlines and in the representation of trees and creepers, it doesn’t appear to have any connection with the earlier art of the Island.