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Ellora Cave

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Ellora cave are a group of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain shake cut caves additionally situated in the Indian province of Maharashtra close Mumbai. Not at all like Ajanta caves, these have dependably stayed available to human beings. One of the greatest and the most noteworthy rock temple complexes in the world, Ellora cave are a gathering of temples that were worked between the fifth and the tenth hundreds of years AD and furthermore happen to be a World Heritage Site. These temples are extravagantly beautified with paintings and intricate rock carvings that pull in voyagers from around the globe. Ellora caves are extraordinary compared to other examples of rock-cut architecture in India. They are arranged at a distance of roughly 30 km from Aurangabad, a city in Maharashtra. The caves speak to one of the biggest rock-cut monastic-temple complexes in the world.

Number of Caves in the Ellora group

There are 34, out of which 12 are Buddhist caves, 17 are Hindu and 5 are Jain caves. A portion of the Hindu caves have been built at the soonest when contrasted with different groups.

Architectural features and Ornamentation-

Striking features of these caves incorporate a 15 meters tall statue of Lord Buddha. This statue is arranged in give in number ten that is there in the Buddhist group of caves. Likewise one all the more architecturally praised highlight is the Kailasanatha temple which is there in the Hindu group of caves. This temple was removed of an awesome stone and was for at some point was secured with white mortar to impeccably look like Mount Kailash-the home of Lord Shiva. Take in more about Ajanta and Ellora Cave Paintings. These caves were pronounced as a World Heritage Site in 1983 when the first round of acknowledgement was finished by UNESCO in India.

Interesting and Fun Facts About Ellora Caves

  • Ellora caves are privately known as ‘Verul Leni’.
  • The Great Kailasa (Cave 16) at Ellora gloats of being the biggest single solid exhuming in the world.
  • The caves are datable from around sixth seventh century A.D. to eleventh twelfth century AD.
  • The slopes that have filled in as the setting of Ellora caves frame a piece of the Sahyadri scopes of the Deccan. These extents go back to Cretaceous time of the Geological time scale (around 65 million years prior).
  • There is inscriptional prove identified with Rashtrakuta Dynasty, on the back mass of the front mandapa of Cave 15.
  • The most punctual Buddhist cave will be Cave 6, which was built from 630-700.
  • The Great Kailasa (Cave 16) is credited to Krishna I (c. 757-83 A.D.), the successor and uncle of Rashtrakuta Dantidurga.
  • Caves 1 to 10 and Cave 21 (Ramesvara) are for the most part credited to the Kalachuris of Mahismati.
  • Brahmanical caves and two Buddhist (caves 11 and 12) are credited to the Rashtrakuta times.
  • Ellora caves are open from dawn to dusk all days of the week, with the exception of, Tuesday.
  • The Great Kailasa is a freestanding, multi-storied temple perplexing, worked to take after Mount Kailasa – the homestead Lord Shiva.
  • Dashavatara (Cave 15) at Ellora delineates the ten avataras of Lord Vishnu.
  • The passage of Ramesvara (Cave 21) is enhanced with figurines of River Goddesses – Ganga and Yamuna.
  • The plan of Dhumar Lena (Cave 29) is like the cave temple on Elephanta Island, close Mumbai.
  • Buddhist caves for the most part comprise of viharas or cloisters, which include living quarters, sleeping quarters, kitchens, and other rooms.
  • Vishwakarma cave (Buddhist cave 10) is otherwise called “Woodworker’s Cave” and houses a 15 foot statue of Buddha, situated in a preaching posture.
  • Among every Buddhist cave, the initial nine (caves 1-9) are cloisters, while the last two – Do Tal (cave 11) and Tin Tal (cave 12) have three stories.
  • The Jain caves at Ellora stand decorated with uncommonly definite craftsmanships and rich paintings on the dividers and the ceilings; some of which are as yet unmistakable.
  • Chhota Kailash (cave 30), Indra Sabha (cave 32) and Jagannath Sabha (cave 33) are the most exceptional Jain caves.
  • Ellora cave, in combination with Ajanta caves, have been pronounced an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Hindu caves were built during the Kalachuri period from the sixth century to the finish of the eighth century. The vast majority of these temples contained sacred writings and divider carvings depicting the wedding customs of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva.

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