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Haneda Airport HND/RJTT, alternatively known as Tokyo International Airport, is one of two major airports providing flight transportation and cargo services to the Greater Tokyo Area. The airport is located in Ota, one of the 23 municipalities of Tokyo, Japan. Prior to the construction of its fourth runway and international terminal in 2010, Haneda was used primarily as a hub for domestic flights from Tokyo to other localities in Japan. With the launch of the new facilities, there was an increase in international flights and passenger traffic going through Haneda Airport.
In 2009, a total of 62,100,754 passengers passed through Haneda Airport. These latest statistics propelled the Haneda Airport in the second spot for the busiest airport in Asia. The Haneda Airport has 4 asphalt concrete runways, measuring 3000 and 2500 meters in length. The airport has two parking areas and a separate terminal for privately owned aircraft. The Japanese government utilizes the facility for landing official government aircraft and for receiving foreign officials and dignitaries. In addition, the Japanese Coast Guard and its Special Rescue team operate a base in Haneda.
Haneda Airport serves as a hub for Japanese airline carriers Air Do, All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Skymark Airlines, and Skynet Asia Airways. The International Terminal services Asia-bound flights to China, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Taiwan. European bound flights include major cities like London and Paris. Atlanta, Detroit, Honolulu, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco are the key cities covered by the United States-bound flights. Domestic flights from Haneda include more than 60 local destinations in Japan.
The airport has three terminal areas, two for domestic and one for international flights. The first is Terminal 1, a linear-shaped structure that houses a restaurant, specialty shopping areas, and conference rooms. An interesting feature of the terminal is the observation deck, which is adjacent to an open-air café on the rooftop.
Terminal 2 has parallel and extra features, including a rooftop restaurant, multi-story shopping complex, and a luxurious airport hotel, the Haneda Excel Hotel Tokyu. The International Terminal has over 26 restaurants and snack bars serving Japanese, Chinese, and European food. There are 28 specialty shops within the vicinity of the terminal that offer clothing, travel goods, books, local souvenirs, and other miscellaneous items.
Several information and help desks are located inside the airport. These information desks offer information about the airport facilities, flights, hotel reservations, transportation services, and travel insurance. A post office and several banks provide mailing service, postal money orders, and currency exchange services. Two medical clinics and one dental clinic support the healthcare and medical needs of passengers.
Facilities, information, and support services are available for differently-abled passengers. The information desks are equipped with a communication board and operated by staff with sigh language capabilities. Tactile floors, multi-functional restrooms, obstruction-free facilities, elevators with audio service, passenger platforms, priority seating, free shuttle bus service, and displays with audio information are some of the facilities and amenities provided for the convenience and comfort of passengers.