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Departing from the city of Sebastopol, just in a few minutes you come to the territory of the ancient state. In the V century, BC on the territory of Tavrida Greek settlers founded the city of Hersonissos. Its ruins are well preserved. Now here is created an archaeological museum, which is always opened for visits. Hersonissos is recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
Translated from the Greek “Hersonissos” means “peninsula”. And indeed, the city was built on a peninsula between the bays. The name of the Tauride he received from the warlike tribe, who inhabited the nearby mountain area and gave it its name. It has existed for almost 2 thousand years, being part of the history of Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, and Byzantium.
Originally Chersonese was founded as a colony of a wealthy Greek city, Herculean Pont. Therefore, he inherited the Hellenic culture and traditions, was a center of commerce, waged war with the Scythians and Kingdom of Bosporus, located in the neighborhood. During the Roman Empire became a fortified center of the Roman troops. Disposition of the city to the plans invented by the Greek architect Hippodameia: straight streets divided the city on a network of approximately equal in magnitude quarters.
In the Middle Ages according to written sources, the city received the name of Kherson, and in ancient chronicles – Korsun. Almost a thousand years, he was a member of the Byzantine Empire. It was the Christian capital of the peninsula since the city built a large number of monasteries and temples. According to the legend here visited Cyril and Methodius, had been Epiphaned Kyiv Prince Vladimir.