Indira Gandhi International Airport – The Largest Airport in India
Named after Indira Gandhi, the former Prime Minister of India, it is the largest and the busiest airport in India since 2009 both in terms of passenger trafficking and cargo trafficking. The airport managed over 57.8 million passengers in the fiscal year of 2016-17. It is the busiest airport in the world for Airbus A320 aircraft. This aviation hub is situated in Palam and is primarily for the civilians of New Delhi, the National Capital of the Country. The airport covers a sprawling area spread over 5,106 acres. It has an integrated International and Domestic terminal. T3 is a 9 level passenger terminal building and has 2 piers each 1.2 km long. Terminal 3 has become India’s and South Asia’s largest aviation hub with the commencement of its operations. It can hold and handle more than 40 million passengers. T3 is the 24th largest building in the world and 8th largest passenger terminal. This building can alone handle 34 million passengers annually. There is a separate Technical Area for VVIP passengers.
It is a massive improvement on the previous avatar. The Indira Gandhi International Airport received the Most Improved Airport Award in 2014. You relax before your departure from Delhi at the Plaza Premium Airport Lounge. The common facilities like Wifi, ample seats, clean toilets, stalls and shops for shopping and so on are there for all. The renovated sophisticated appearance ensures complete luxury for the tired passengers, and offers way more advanced facilities than many other important airports of the country. The airport was operated by the Indian Air Force earlier and then its management was passed onto the Airports Authority of India. In May 2006, the management of the airport was transferred to Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL). The airport uses a much developed and an advanced system called Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) to help keep track of the take-offs and landings on time.
On 21 August 2008, the airport inaugurated its 3rd runway 11/29 costing ₹10 billion. The runway has one of the world’s longest paved threshold displacements of 1,460 m (4,790 ft). The purpose of this large threshold displacement is to reduce noise generated by landing aircraft over nearby residential localities. The new runway started functioning on 25 September 2008. The Indira Gandhi Airport serves as a major hub for several Indian flights including Air India, Air India, IndiGo, Jet Airways, SpiceJet, GoAir and Vistara. Approximately 80 airlines serve this airport. Currently, there are two active scheduled passenger terminals, a Hajj terminal and a cargo terminal. Sarfdarjung Airport was built in 1930 and was considered the main airport of Delhi. Later operations moved to Palam Airport which was built during World War I. On May 2nd, it was renamed as Indira Gandhi International Airport. Since then it today, it has emerged as one of the most prominent airports of our country. Except the three budget airlines handled by Terminal 1, all other airlines operate their flights from Terminal 3. The cargo terminal is located at a distance of 1 km from T3. The cargo operations of the airport received “e-Asia 2007” award in 2007 for “Implementation of e- Commerce / Electronic Data Interchange in Air Cargo Sector.”