Kolkata Tourism- Ultimate guide in Kolkata
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a major cultural, commercial, and educational hub in eastern India, with a rich history and a vibrant arts scene. If you’re planning a trip to Kolkata, there are many things to see and do. Here are a few suggestions:
- Visit Victoria Memorial, a grand marble building that houses a museum dedicated to the history of Kolkata and the British Raj.
- Take a stroll through the colorful flower market at the Mullik Ghat, located on the banks of the Hooghly River.
- Explore the colonial-era buildings of Dalhousie Square, including the St. Andrew’s Church and the Writers’ Building.
- Visit the Kalighat Temple, a Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Kali, one of the most important religious sites in Kolkata.
- Take a trip to the beautiful botanical gardens at the Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden in Shibpur.
- Visit the Birla Planetarium, one of the largest planetariums in Asia, where you can learn about astronomy and the universe.
- Visit the Howrah Bridge, a busy steel truss bridge that spans the Hooghly River. It is one of the most iconic landmarks of Kolkata and offers great views of the city and the river.
- Take a walk through the colorful streets of the Kumartuli neighborhood, where traditional potters create clay idols of gods and goddesses for Hindu festivals.
- Learn about the history of India’s independence movement at the Gandhi Ghat, a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi located on the banks of the Hooghly River.
- Explore the Nehru Children’s Museum, a museum dedicated to children’s literature and art, with exhibits on science, nature, and history.
- Visit the Indian Museum, the oldest and largest museum in India, which has a wide collection of artifacts and specimens from the fields of natural history, archaeology, and anthropology.
- Take a trip to the Birla Industrial and Technological Museum, a science museum that has interactive exhibits on technology, transportation, and energy.
There are many other sites and attractions to see in Kolkata, and these are just a few suggestions to get you started. Enjoy your trip!
History of Kolkata
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, has a long and interesting history. It was founded in 1690 by the British East India Company as a trading post and became the capital of British India in 1772. During the colonial period, Kolkata was a major center of commerce and industry, and it played a key role in the development of modern India.
After India gained independence in 1947, Kolkata remained an important cultural and intellectual center, with a thriving arts scene and a number of prestigious universities and research institutes. However, the city also faced a number of challenges, including overpopulation, pollution, and economic decline.
In recent years, Kolkata has undergone a period of revitalization and redevelopment, with a focus on improving infrastructure and attracting investment. Today, it is a vibrant and cosmopolitan city with a rich history and a bright future.
Facts about Kolkata
Here are a few interesting facts about Kolkata:
- Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India. It is the second-largest city in India, with a population of over 4.5 million.
- Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta, and was the capital of British India from 1772 to 1911.
- Kolkata is known for its rich cultural heritage and intellectual tradition. It has a number of prestigious universities and research institutes, and has produced a number of notable writers, artists, and intellectuals.
- Kolkata is home to the Victoria Memorial, a grand marble building that houses a museum dedicated to the history of the city and the British Raj. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Kolkata.
- Kolkata is known for its delicious food, which has been influenced by a variety of cuisines, including Bengali, Chinese, and British. Some of the city’s most famous dishes include roshogolla (a type of sweet), biryani (a rice dish), and chaat (a type of snack).
- Kolkata is home to the Howrah Bridge, a busy steel truss bridge that spans the Hooghly River. It is one of the most iconic landmarks of the city and is often referred to as the “Gateway to Kolkata.”
I hope these facts give you a better understanding of Kolkata and its history.
Famous food in Kolkata
Kolkata is known for its delicious and diverse food, which has been influenced by a variety of cuisines, including Bengali, Chinese, and British. Here are a few famous dishes that you should try when you visit Kolkata:
This is a soft, spongy, and sweet ball-shaped dessert made from chhena (a type of cheese). It is soaked in a light syrup made from sugar and water, and is a popular sweet in Kolkata and throughout Bengal.
This is a popular rice dish that is made with spices, rice, and a variety of meats or vegetables. Kolkata has a long tradition of making biryani, and there are many different styles of biryani found in the city, including Kolkata biryani and Lucknowi biryani.
This is a type of snack that is popular throughout India. In Kolkata, you can find a variety of chaat dishes, including puchka (a type of fried pastry filled with a spicy and tangy filling), jhalmuri (a snack made from puffed rice, spices, and other ingredients), and bhelpuri (a snack made from puffed rice, vegetables, and a spicy sauce).
Fish curry is a popular dish in Kolkata and throughout Bengal. It is usually made with a variety of fish, such as rohu or hilsa, and is cooked in a spicy and flavorful sauce made with a blend of spices and coconut milk.
A kati roll is a popular street food in Kolkata that consists of a paratha (a type of flatbread) that is filled with a variety of ingredients, such as meat, vegetables, and spices. It is then rolled up and grilled on a tawa (a flat griddle).
I hope this gives you an idea of some of the famous foods you can try when you visit Kolkata. Enjoy your trip and don’t forget to try some of these delicious dishes!