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Moti Jheel

Moti Jheel

Unveil the historical treasures of Murshidabad – Moti Jheel

The city of Murshidabad is situated on the eastern bank of the Bhagirathi River, which is a distributary of the Ganges. The District Of Murshidabad has an area of 2143 sq. m and coordinates at 24.18°N 88.27°E. Murshidabad was a town in the Bengal Presidency during the British Raj. In the Mughal era, it was the capital of Bengal. In 1704, Murshid Quli Khan, being the Diwan or the council of Bengal under Aurangzeb transferred the capital from Dhaka (now in Bangladesh), and renamed the city Murshidabad after his own name. In 1716, he attained the designation of Nawab (ruler) of the Subah (province) of Bengal, and the city became his capital. Moti Jheel , which literally means ‘Pearl Lake’, is also known as Company Bagh due to its association with the East India Company. It is a horse-shoe shaped lake in Murshidabad, West Bengal.

Hitorical Reference Moti Jheel

Moti jheel, the fountainhead of British empowerment in India, stands as a witness to the phenomenal turning point in the history of India. A lake measuring 350 acre, oxbow in shape formed out of a deserted bed of river Bhagirathi, the Motijheel, acquired its name from a large scale pearl cultivation during the Nawabi era. The Jheel was known for raising golden shaded pearls obtained from ‘unino margaritifera’ species. With the black marble stones being brought from the ruins of Gaur, Nawazesh Ahmed Khan constructed the Sangidalan or the ‘stone palace’ for his beloved wife Ghaseti Begum, the elder most daughter of Nawab Nazim Ali Verdi Khan. Ali Verdi Khan chose his favourite grandson, Siraj Ud Dullah to be his immediate successor and he ascended the throne of Bengal in 1756. Disliking his ascession, Ghaseti Begum, Siraj’s maternal aunt made her palace the centre of anti-nawab intrigues. She used her massive wealth and influence to sew together an alliance of forces including Mir Jafar, the Jagat Seth and the British to dethrone the young Nawab. Siraj stormed out to Plassey from Motij heel on 23rd June 1757. The scheme played out in the field as most of the army was proved to be inactive under the duplicitous direction of Mir Zafar, the commander-in-chief of the Nawab. The consequences of the battle saw the conversion of a trading company, rising into a political power. Lord Clive formally took over the reins of financial administration of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa on 29th April 1765 with the grant of the then mughal emperor. This incident marks the actual birth of the British rule in India. Between 1757- 1786, Moti Jheel was the official residence of different British councils including Lord Clive and Warren Hastings. It is Known for its majestic palaces, gardens and the beautiful lake and its rendezvous with subcontinent’s history.

Travel Moti Jheel

Moti Jheel carrying such an immensely rich history is definitely a ‘must visit destination’ for tourists. Just beside the heritage, West Bengal Government has constructed a huge Park measuring 33 Bighas. This modern park has a place for accommodation, museum, light and sound shows, toy trains and many more such things which one may expect in any giant amusement park. It is undoubtedly a must visit in Murshidabad.

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