Nairobi National Park

Migrating herbivores gather in the park during summer and it is one of Kenya's most useful rhinoceros sanctuaries.

Nairobi National Park
(Last Updated On: July 18, 2018)

Nairobi National Park – A must visit for all wildlife lovers!


Nairobi National Park is largest and first national park in Kenya established in 1946.It is located approximately 7 kilometres from the centre of Nairobi toward the south (Kenya’s capital city) with an electric fence separating the park’s wildlife from the human beings.  The short range of urban and natural environments has caused problems between the animals and local people and cause a disturbance in animals’ migration routes.

Still, despite its short range of civilisation and relatively small size for an African national park, Nairobi National Park has an extensive wildlife collection. Migrating herbivores gather in the park during summer and it is one of Kenya’s most useful rhinoceros sanctuaries.


The park’s predominant environment is open grass plain with scattering Acacia bushes. Here in the dry highland forest you can see:

  • Olea Africana,
  • Croton dichogamous,
  • Brachylaenahutchinsii,
  • Calodendrum

The lower slopes of these areas are grassland. Digitaria and Cynadon species are found in these lower slopes areas. There are also scattered yellow-barked Acacia xanthophylls found is very rare. One can find a small substitute of a river rising from the side of the main river inside the park, on the south region. Acacia as well as Euphorbia candelabrum can be seen predominantly in the valley area in the park.


Nairobi national park having a greater and diverse wildlife spices variety found. The variety of creatures that you can hope to see in the Nairobi National Park is:

  • Cape buffaloes,
  • baboons,
  • eastern black rhinos,
  • gazelles,
  • zebras,
  • Tanzanian cheetahs,
  • Coke’s hartebeest,
  • hippopotami,
  • leopards,
  • East African lions,
  • elands,
  • impala,
  • Masai giraffes,
  • ostriches,
  • vultures
  • waterbucks

This park conserves the  zebra and wildebeest species. They spread over the plains in the rainy season and return to the park in the summer season. The concentration of wildlife in the park is greatest in the summer season when areas outside the park have dried up and animal has to return. They attract water dependent herbivores during the summer season. The Nairobi National Park has a high diversity of bird species, with up to 500 -600 permanent and migratory species in the park.


This helped to uphold the tourism of Kenya’s primary industry. However, it creates problems between the human population and wildlife. Farmers living nearby the parks did not provide input to the parks. Locals received very little help from the game animals. Human beings are threatened by lions, and some landowners think that Kenya’s wildlife is not good for them. In 1948 188,975 people lived in Nairobi, and by 1997 the city’s population had grown to 1.6 million. People live right nearby the park’s boundaries, which creates human-animal conflicts.

Tourism and Education

Nairobi National Park is the main attraction for the visitor’s main attractions includes the park’s variety of bird species, cheetah, hyena, leopard, black panther and lions. The Ivory Burning Site Monument, and the Nairobi Safari Walk and animal orphanage are some of the must visit places in this park. Inhabitants of Nairobi visit the park and thousands of Kenyan children and college on field trips visit the park each week.

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