Tamilnadu Travel Guide
Where is Tamil Nadu?
Tamilnadu Travel Guide: Tamil Nadu is located on the southern tip of India, sharing its boundary with the states of Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
What is the state famous for?
The state of Tamil Nadu is mostly famous for its innumerable temples built in the Dravidian style of architecture. Most famous of all the temples is the Brahadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur.
What are the main spoken languages?
Tamil and English are the main spoken languages of the state.
Which are the important cities?
Major cities of Tamil Nadu are Chennai, Tiruchirapally, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tanjavur and Udhagamandalam.
Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, is the largest city of the state. Marina Beach, the longest in the country, is the key attraction of the city. Other attractive features of the city are Fort St. George along with other fine churches. The city is also home to the Tamil Film Industry.
The city of Tiruchirapally or Trichy stands on the banks of river Cauvery. The city is known for its rich historical and cultural legacy. Rock Fort is an important landmark of the city. It is home to many historical churches, monuments, churches and mosques.
Also referred to as Kovai, Coimbatore is the third-largest city in Tamil Nadu. The city is the industrial hub of the state. Attractions of the city include VOC Park and Zoo, Agriculture University, Perur Temple, Marudhamalai Temple, Forest College etc.
Madurai happens to be the second-largest temple of the state. It has acquired worldwide fame for its celebrated Meenakshi Temple. The temple magnetises devotees, worshippers and students of Dravidian culture and history from all around.
Tanjavur was the capital of the erstwhile Cholas. The city is situated in the delta formed by river Cauvery. Popular attractions of the place are Brihadeeswara Temple, Raja Museum, Art Gallery and Saraswati Mahal Library.
Where are the main airports located?
Madras International Airport is located at Tirisulam. It has two terminals- Kamraj Terminal (Domestic) and Anna Terminal (International). Salem Airport (Domestic) at Salem, Thiruchirapally Airport (International) at Thiruchirapally, Coimbatore Airport (Domestic) at Coimbatore, Tuticorin Airport (Domestic) at Tuticorin and Madurai Airport (Domestic) at Madurai are the other main airports of the state.
What does climate say?
Tamil Nadu experiences a tropical climate. Summers are hot with the temperature reaching up to a maximum of 43 degrees centigrade. During the winters temperature drops down to a minimum of 18 degrees centigrade. October to December is the time of the monsoons. Best time to pay a visit to the state is between November and February. The average annual rainfall of the state ranges between 635 and 1,905 mm. The best period to visit is from October to March.
Which are the chief pilgrimage destinations?
The city of Rameshwaram is a major pilgrimage centre for the Hindus. It is the very island where Lord Rama’s temple is located. It is believed that in order to attain Moksha, Rameshwaram is a must-visit site. The presiding deity of the place is the Linga of Sri Ranganatha. Owing to its religious significance, Rameshwaram is termed as the ‘ Benaras of the South’. Madurai is yet another popular pilgrimage centre of the state. It is home to the much-celebrated Meenakshi Temple.
Which are the popular hill stations?
Ooty or Udhagamandalam is aptly called the ‘Queen of Southern Hill Stations’. British Collector John Sullivan stumbled upon the site and decided to turn it into a summer resort for the people of South India. Nestled in the Nilgiri Hills, Ooty invites tourists, visitors, honeymooners and holidaymakers from every corner of the world. The attraction of the place is the Botanical Garden, Ooty Lake, Lamb’s Rock, Kodanadu and Dodabeta peak. Kodaikanal is another most-frequented hill resort of the country. With its wooded slopes, gigantic rocks and mesmerising waterfalls, it proves to be an idyllic hill station for the visitors. Here, there is a lot to explore and enjoy including Lake view, Pillar Rock, Belgium Lake, Bryant Park, Coaker’s Walk, Silver Cascade, Bear Shola Falls etc.
Which are the famous wildlife sanctuaries?
Forests cover 17.6% of the total land area of Tamil Nadu, spreading over the plains and on the mountain slopes. Drylands are gifted with dry deciduous forests, scrubs and mangroves. The Western Ghats are endowed with moist deciduous, wet evergreen forests and grasslands. The state takes great pride in its 5 National Parks and 17 Wildlife Sanctuaries. Famous among them are the Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary, Kalakadu Wildlife Sanctuary and Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park and the Guindy National Park are the most-frequented national parks of the state.
What can be the best buys?
Exclusive traditional items like Kanchipuram silk, Pattamara mats, handicrafts from Tirunelveli, bronze and brass castings, jewellery from Kumbakonam, metal works from Tanjavur and stone sculptures from Mahabalipuram are widely popular all around the country. Chennai is known for its south Indian silk while Madurai is famous for its readymade garments.