India, the largest democracy in the world and the second most populated country in the world. Population increase in the country continues to be a serious concern from the past few decades, and the pace at which we are burgeoning has put immense pressure on the country’s resources.
A big reason for this rise is the inflow of people in these cities from small villages and towns, mainly in search of employment and better career opportunities. This has resulted in a massive shortage of living space, hygienic food and water, employment, and various kinds of other resources.
Today, we discuss the ‘Top 10 Most Populated Cities of India’, which have been on the receiving end by this population explosion.
Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra state, is the most populated city of the country, according to the 2021 census. There are more than 1.2 crore people residing in this megacity.
It is the most populated and richest city in the country as well as one of the most populous urban regions in the world.
Mumbai is the financial and entertainment epicenter of India and owing to this reason people from all around the country, come here in search of better career opportunities.
The rising population has resulted in a shortage of land area, escalating property prices, pollution, scarcity of water and power, and putting enormous pressure on the city’s transport system.
Population (in 2011): 20,668,000
Delhi, the capital of India, is the central hub and the second most populated city in the country. It is also the largest urban agglomeration in India by land area.
Delhi is also among the top 10 most populated cities in the world. The rush of people to the capital in search of employment from the adjoining rural areas and towns has led to a rapid increase in population in the past few decades.
This population rise has ultimately put immense pressure on the resources like land, water, power consumption and also contributed towards air and water pollution.
Population (in 2011): 31,181,376
Bengaluru, (earlier known as Bangalore) is the capital city of the Karnataka state of India. The city is also known by the name, “Silicon Valley of India” as it is the prime center for the ‘information technology’ industry in the country.
The presence of large multinationals and better educational institutions have attracted people from different parts of the country, to work or study over here. This has contributed to a substantial increase in the city’s population in the past few years.
The heavy population also escalated traffic and vehicular emission, as a result, Bangalore is reeling under the problem of heavy air pollution too.
Population (in 2011): 12,764,935
Hyderabad, a combined capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana state in South India, stands at 4th position in our list of Top 10 most Populated cities.
The city has shown tremendous growth in the past few decades and is a rising global center for Information Technology in India. This industrial growth attracted a large number of migrants for employment, resulting in a tremendous increase in the city’s population in past few years.
Population (in 2011): 10,268,653
Chennai, the capital city of Tamil Nadu, is the fifth most populated city in the country. It is the industrial capital of South India and a major economic and educational hub.
It is the home of some of the large multinationals, that generate a large number of jobs. The city has a literacy rate of more than 90% and entails some of the most prestigious colleges of India, including the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), The Loyola College, and the Anna University.
Population (in 2011): 11,235,018
Ahmedabad is the most populated city in the state of Gujarat, and the 6th most populated city in our list of top 10. Traditionally known for trade and various businesses, it has one of the fastest-growing economies.
As a result of this development, this megacity has attracted people from all around the country and led to a major increase in the city’s population. This in turn has resulted in traffic problems, sanitation, increment in slum population, and property prices.
Population (in 2021): 8,253,000
Pune, the second largest city of Maharashtra is known as the cultural capital of the state. It is another emerging IT city, after Bengaluru, with the presence of various educational institutions and industries, encouraging the youth to settle in this beautiful city.
Population (in 2021): 6,807,984.
Surat (previously Suryapur), the second-most populous city of Gujarat, is known as the “city of flyovers”. It is one of the cleanest cities in India and the cultural capital of Gujarat.
It is the home of some of the largest Indian multinationals like Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and Wipro. It is one of India’s largest – diamond and textile hubs.
Population (in 2011): 7,490,000
Kolkata, formerly Calcutta, the capital city of West Bengal, is the 9th most populated city in our list of top 10. In terms of urban agglomeration, Kolkata is growing moderately.
Calcutta was the capital of India until 1911, under British Raj. It has one of India’s oldest operating ports, commissioned in 1870.
Population (in 2011): 14,974,073
Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan, is the most populated city of the state and the tenth most populated city of the country. Jaipur is named as the “Pink City”. The city is popular for its heritage hotels and royal palaces.
The city has seen a substantial amount of growth in the past few years. Mahindra group in collaboration with Rajasthan Government, have developed one of the largest IT SEZs in the country, that may generate a large number of jobs, when fully operational.
Population (in 2011): 4,007,505