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Where is the Chittorgarh Fort?
The Chittorgarh Fort is located at a distance of 330 km southwest of Jaipur in the state of Rajasthan in northwestern India. Chittaur was once the Sisodia capital of Mewar from the early 13th century until the Mughal emperor Akbar’s conquest in the year 1567.
How will you gain access?
Maharana Pratap Airport, Udaipur is the closest airport from Chittaur. There are daily flights connecting to Delhi, Mumbai, Jodhpur, and Jaipur. Chittaur station has fabulous links with Jaipur, Udaipur, and Delhi by the Chetak Express. By road, the city is connected to Delhi, Jaipur, Ajmer, and Udaipur. The NH 8 connects Jaipur and Delhi to NH 79 at Ajmer. From Ajmer, Chittaur is a 3¾-hour drive. Chittaurgarh is a 2½-hour drive from Udaipur.
What are the timings and the entry charges?
The visiting hours of the Chittaurgarh Fort are from 10-00 hours to 16-30 hours. Entry fee for Indians is Rs 5, while for foreigners it is Rs 100 each.
What does the past say?
It was Mori Rajput ruler Chitrangad who began the construction of the fort between the 5th and the 8th centuries. Covering a large area of 700 acres, the Chittaurgarh Fort has stood witness to a number of battles. The battles were so incredible that they now seem to be myths rather than legends. The fort was taken by the Gehlot founder BappaRawal in 734. It remained occupied for the next eight centuries by a succession of the Rajputs and the Gujratis. The fort once housed 70,000 people, seeming more of a colony that a monument.
What goes behind the architecture?
The Chittorgarh Fort is one of the fantastic examples of the Rajput style of architecture. The gigantic structure of the fort has seven enormous gateways namely the Padan Pol, the Bhairon Pol, the Hanuman Pol, the Ganesha Pol, the Jolla Pol, the Lakshman Pol, and the Ram Pol. The main attractions within the fort are the ‘KirtiStambh, (Tower of Fame) and the ‘Vijay Stambh’ (Tower of Victory). Apart from these, there are a number of temples, reservoirs, and palaces dating between the 9th and 17th centuries.
The Kirti Stambh
The Kirti Stambh is a seven-story structure, measuring 30 feet at the base and 15 feet at the top. The tower dates back around the 12th century AD. The tower stands in dedication to Adinath, the first Jain Teerthankar. There is even a five-foot-high statue of the saint here.
The Vijay Stambh, the most spectacular sight within the fort, can even be seen from the town. Standing on a pedestal of 47 square feet, the huge tower is a magnificent piece of architecture. The tower reaches up to a height of 122 feet, with its base being 30 feet wide. The entire structure of the tower bears sculptures of the Hindu deities and depicts various scenes from the Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
The Sammidheshwara Temple, the Gaumukh reservoir, the Bhimtal Tank, the Meera Temple, the Kumbha Shyam Temple, the Kalika Mata Temple and the Palace of Queen Padmini are the other popular attractions within the precinct.