Kallanai is the pride of Tamizan as it is only dam in the planet that has been functioning for more than 2000 years. It is situated in Tiruchirapalli district of Tamil Nadu and attracts lots of tourists due to its strong architecture and impressive engineering structure. Kallanai Dam is known as the Grand Anicut of India and is the fourth oldest dam built by King Karikala Cholan over the Cauvery River. The main reason to build the dam was to divert the water to delta regions for irrigation purpose. Over centuries this dam is still serving the state with a blissful life by providing water to the crops.
The dam is not only a useful water reservoir but it serves as a tourist spot due to its wonderful scenic beauty. The rough stones used to construct it are strong enough to hold the dam for thousands of years. If you have a quite look to the dam, then you could watch the fishes reaching the surface at certain interval and the ducks chilling them by the mild weather. The birds are seen flying a few inches above the water and the water seems to scatter an essence of peace and freedom. The place is being used as picnic spot by the locals and there is a park nearby for the kids to enjoy.
The technology used is very unique as the stones are sunk in the river to make the water flow to the delta forming region. Previously only a lesser volume of water was used for irrigation but later with the idea of Captain Caldwell, the volume of water was raised to improve irrigation facilities.
If you want to go to the dam then get down at Lalgudi station and take a cab from there to reach the destination which is just 4 kms away. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli located at a distance of 15 kilometres from the site. The nearest bus stoppage is Chatiram which is 18 kilometrs from the dam. The dam is located near the Sarkarpalayam village where you can reach by hiring taxis.
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