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Sultanpur National Park and Bird Sanctuary
Sultanpur was previously a bird sanctuary that became a national park in the recent years. The national park is mainly famous for wide varieties of native birds as well as migratory birds that come there from different countries in winter season. The sanctuary is 15 kilometres away from Gurgaon and 50 km from the national capital, Delhi. Bird lovers find this place an attractive region due to the colourful and exotic birds that makes the place an interesting tourist destination. The place was named after the king Sultan Singh Chauhan who was the descendent of Prithwiraj Chawhan. More than 350 species of birds migrate to India, among which 250 types visit the Sultanpur National Park every year from distant places such as Siberia, Afghanistan and Europe using the route of Central Asian Flyway. Earlier Sultanpur used to be waterlogged which attracted birds but now water is pumped from Yamuna river for reviving it.
History of Sultanpur National Park
The founder of the park is known to be the popular British Ornithologist named Peter Jackson. He used to spot migratory birds and also hunters killing them near the jheel. So he wished to make the region a protective and attractive place for them. Therefore, in the year 1970 he sent a request to turn the Sultanpur Lake into a bird sanctuary to the former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi who gave this responsibility to the Haryana chief minister, Bnasi Lal. In 1972 he declared the area a bird sanctuary and then later in the year 1989 it was upgraded to Sultan national Park. Now the government works to modify it by widening the paths, constructing tube wells and mounds and planting more trees that attracts the foreign birds.
Description of Sultanpur National Park
The sanctuary is home to many native birds such as common hoopoe, purple sunbird, gray Francolin, black headed ibis, Indian roller, crested lark, painted stork, Eurasian thick knee etc. Apart from the residential birds, more than 100 types of migratory birds are seen here. Migratory birds such as black winged stilt, yellow wagtail, common teal, Siberian cranes, common greenshank, rosy pelican are seen to migrate here due to their snow covered cold region. Winter season that starts from September and continues to March, so December to March is regarded as the best time to visit here. The park remains closed from April to mid September as the picturesque lively environment takes a break and again the park comes to life after September with their arrival giving the tourists chances to spot them.
Nearby places to visit
Being very near to the capital of the country, you can visit the architectural creation of the Mughal empires places like Red fort, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid, Akshardhan and the Lotus temple. Chandi Chawk is also very close to the region. Other than Delhi, you can explore Jaipur which is within a distance of 230 kms. Being the capital of Rajasthan it serves as a wonderland to the interested tourists. The ancient legend and the colourful culture is something that could take you back in time. You can feel the touch of the Rajputanas in the huge havelis, forts, palaces and museums. Hawa mahal, Jal mahal, Amber fort are some of these majestic places to visit. Next come Agra within 250 kms from the Sultanpur National Park which is famous for Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonderers of the world. Fatehpur Sikri and Moti Masjid are other interesting historical palaces.
Getting suitable home stays are not at all a problem as the sanctuary is nearer to the Delhi NCR. You can find luxurious resorts as well as budget hotels according to your wish. From Delhi a one day visit to the national park is enough to enjoy it. However if you like to stay near the forest region in Sultanpur then you may stay in Rosy Pelican Tourist Complex.
The nearest railway hub is Garhi Harsaru which connects Delhi to Rewari line. You may also take metro rail from New Delhi that goes to Huda City Centre in Gurgaon and hire a cab or taxi to reach your destination. The nearby airport is the Indira Gandhi International airport. From there New Delhi is at a distance of 35 km.