Sultanpur National Park
Sultanpur National Park and Bird Sanctuary
Sultanpur was previously a bird sanctuary that became a national park in recent years. The national park is mainly famous for a wide variety of native birds as well as migratory birds that come there from different countries in the winter season. The sanctuary is 15 kilometres away from Gurgaon and 50 km from the national capital, Delhi. Bird lovers find this place an attractive region due to the colourful and exotic birds that makes the place an interesting tourist destination. The place was named after king Sultan Singh Chauhan who was the descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan. More than 350 species of birds migrate to India, among which 250 types visit the Sultanpur National Park every year from distant places such as Siberia, Afghanistan and Europe using the route of the Central Asian Flyway. Earlier Sultanpur used to be waterlogged which attracted birds but now water is pumped from the Yamuna river for reviving it.
History of Sultanpur National Park
The founder of the park is known to be the popular British Ornithologist named Peter Jackson. He used to spot migratory birds and also hunters killing them near the jheel. So he wished to make the region a protective and attractive place for them. Therefore, in the year 1970, he sent a request to turn the Sultanpur Lake into a bird sanctuary to the former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi who gave this responsibility to the Haryana chief minister, Bnasi Lal. In 1972 he declared the area a bird sanctuary and then later in the year 1989, it was upgraded to Sultan National Park. Now the government works to modify it by widening the paths, constructing tube wells and mounds and planting more trees that attract foreign birds.
Description of Sultanpur National Park
The sanctuary is home to many native birds such as the common hoopoe, purple sunbird, grey Francolin, black-headed ibis, Indian roller, crested lark, painted stork, Eurasian thick-knee etc. Apart from the residential birds, more than 100 types of migratory birds are seen here. Migratory birds such as black-winged stilt, yellow wagtail, common teal, Siberian cranes, common greenshank, and rosy pelican are seen to migrate here due to their snow-covered cold region. Winter season starts in September and continues to March, so December to March is regarded as the best time to visit here. The park remains closed from April to mid-September as the picturesque lively environment takes a break and again the park comes to life after September with their arrival giving the tourists chances to spot them.
Nearby places to visit
Being very near to the capital of the country, you can visit the architectural creation of the Mughal empires places like Red fort, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid, Akshardham and the Lotus temple. Chandi Chawk is also very close to the region. Other than Delhi, you can explore Jaipur which is within a distance of 230 km. Being the capital of Rajasthan it serves as a wonderland to interested tourists. The ancient legend and the colourful culture is something that could take you back in time. You can feel the touch of the Rajputanas in the huge havelis, forts, palaces and museums. Hawa mahal, Jal mahal, and Amber fort are some of these majestic places to visit. Next come Agra within 250 km of the Sultanpur National Park which is famous for Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world. Fatehpur Sikri and Moti Masjid are other interesting historical palaces.
Getting suitable homestays is not at all a problem as the sanctuary is nearer to the Delhi NCR. You can find luxurious resorts as well as budget hotels according to your wish. From Delhi, a one-day visit to the national park is enough to enjoy it. However, if you like to stay near the forest region in Sultanpur then you may stay in Rosy Pelican Tourist Complex.
The nearest railway hub is Garhi Harsaru which connects Delhi to the Rewari line. You may also take the metro rail from New Delhi that goes to Huda City Centre in Gurgaon and hire a cab or taxi to reach your destination. The nearby airport is the Indira Gandhi International airport. From there New Delhi is at a distance of 35 km.
The activities that can be enjoyed at Sultanpur National Park include:
- Bird watching: The park is known for its rich bird life, with over 250 species of birds spotted here, making it a popular destination for bird enthusiasts.
- Nature walks: Take a stroll through the park and enjoy the natural beauty of its flora and fauna.
- Picnicking: The park has several picnic spots where visitors can relax and enjoy the peaceful surroundings.
- Wildlife observation: Visitors can observe and learn about the various species of birds and other wildlife that reside in the park.
- Photography: The park offers several scenic spots perfect for capturing stunning photos of the surrounding landscape and birdlife.
- Education and research: The park is also a popular destination for educational and research purposes, offering a unique opportunity to study the local ecology and birdlife.
Sultanpur National Park is known for its diverse birdlife, but it also supports a range of other wildlife species. Some of the wildlife that can be found in the park include:
- Birds: The park is home to over 250 species of birds, including migratory birds like the Greater Flamingo, Pintail, and Baer’s Pochard.
- Reptiles: Visitors may spot reptiles like the Indian Rock Python and the Monitor Lizard in the park.
- Mammals: Small mammals such as Jackals, Rhesus Monkeys, and Nilgai can be seen in the park.
- Butterflies: The park is also home to several species of butterflies, including the Common Mormon, Peacock Pansy, and Danaid Eggfly.
- Flora: The park has a rich diversity of vegetation, including native tree species like Neem, Eucalyptus, and Shisham.
The park provides a vital habitat for the preservation of these species and helps in maintaining the biodiversity of the region.
Here are answers to some frequently asked questions about Sultanpur National Park:
What is Sultanpur National Park?
Sultanpur National Park is a bird sanctuary located in Haryana, India.
What kind of birds can be seen at Sultanpur National Park?
Over 250 species of birds can be seen at Sultanpur National Park, including migratory birds like the Greater Flamingo, Pintail, and Baer’s Pochard.
What other wildlife can be found in the park?
In addition to birds, visitors may also spot reptiles like the Indian Rock Python and the Monitor Lizard, small mammals like Jackals, Rhesus Monkeys, and Nilgai, and several species of butterflies.
What activities can be done at the park?
Visitors can enjoy bird watching, nature walks, picnicking, wildlife observation, photography, and educational and research activities.
Is there an entrance fee for the park?
Yes, there is an entrance fee for visiting Sultanpur National Park. Please check with the park management for the current fee and any additional information.
What are the park hours?
The park is usually open from sunrise to sunset, but it’s best to check with the park management for the latest information.
Is there any accommodation available near the park?
Yes, there are several hotels and lodges near the park for visitors to stay in.